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109th Anniversary of the Chios Liberation Memorial Service & Artoklasia
Liberation of Chios Memorial Service & Artklasia for the Greater Philadelphia Area 14 November at Evangelismos of Theotokos on Bustleton Avenue. The services will immediately follow the Divine Liturgy. It is important that we do not lose touch with our history and, more importantly, never forget those who fought for our island.
With the Greek revolution of 1821, the inhabitants of Chios were roused by Lykourgos Logothetis of Samos, who led his army to fight a Turkish garrison. When the Sultan heard what happened, he sent his fleet to Chios to punish the inhabitants for participating in the revolution.
On March 30th, 1822, 7000 Turk soldiers under the command of Kara Ali Pasha disembarked on Chios and slaughtered 25000 of its inhabitants and forced almost twice that number of people into slavery. On the night of June 6th, 1822, Konstantinos Kanaris took revenge on the Chios massacre by killing the Turkish Admiral Kara Ali Pasha. The massacre of Chios increased the sympathy of the rest of Europe and the growth of Philhellenism.
The first refugees started to return to Chios in 1832. On March 22nd, 1881, a disastrous earthquake destroyed the island, causing 6000 deaths, numerous damages, and many buildings in the capital. After the massacre, Victor Hugo wrote the wonderful poem Enfant de Chios and Delacroix painted Le Massacre de Chios, admired in the Louvre Museum.
On November 11th, 1912, the island of Chios was finally liberated and reunited with the newly built Greek State.